FRAMEWORK OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN) FOR OIL AND GAS INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION WITH EMPHASIS ON NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA
Publication Date : 31/01/2017
This paper studied and highlights the security and technical challenges facing the deployment and utilization of IEEE 802.15.4 based Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) devices used to facilitate remote oil and gas field monitoring in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The underlining crises were also highlighted and a solution framework was proffered. The framework includes suggestion for amicable resolutions between parties, putting in place a proactive WSN structure for monitoring infrastructure to facilitate easy and fast detection and reporting of vandalized oil and gas facilities. A designed data encryption algorithm to secure the validity of information using symmetric encryption was also presented. This paper also presents an overview of sensor devices, the advantages of WSN over the wired monitoring system for pipeline monitoring and application environment. Overview of conflicts and security challenges in oil and gas exploration fields in the Niger Delta region are also discussed. Encryption as a standard method for protecting WSN data from possible attacks, advantages and disadvantages of the two classes of encryption methods and the System’s framework for the monitoring the infrastructure and designed encryption algorithm of the system are presented.
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