A Simulated Study of Transmission Probability in Cluster Formation Phase for Wireless Sensor Network
Publication Date : 08/03/2021
Wireless sensor nodes serve as both sensing and routing devices which are generally employed to send data from the primary source node to the destination node (or sink node). There are distinct procedures that wireless sensor networks (WSN) takes when put into operation to route traffic leading to Cluster Head (CH) election and cluster formation. This paper presented a simulated study of transmission probability in cluster formation phase for wireless sensor network. There are several strategies employed in selecting the value of node transmission probability to become a cluster head (CH). The fixed transmission probability scheme has been studied in this paper due to its simplicity, ease of implementation and being commonly considered as means of the random access strategy. The simulation study was carried out in MATLAB environment to examine the effect of changing value of fixed transmission probability. Simulation results show that by proper selection of a value for the fixed transmission probability, the energy efficiency of the nodes can be improved and the WSN life prolonged.
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