INVESTIGATION INTO DISTRIBUTION NETWORK ENERGY UTILIZATION: IFA COMMUNITY IN UYO AKWA IBOM STATE AS CASE STUDY
Publication Date : 30/10/2022
Energy audit, with emphasis on utilization, is an inspection, survey and analysis of energy flow for energy conservation in a building, system or process to reduce the amount of energy input into the system without negatively affecting the output. Most of the efforts to address the challenges of poor energy availability are focused on generation and transmission with less attention paid to utilization. This work investigated the utilization of electricity in residential areas of a power distribution network in Akwa ibom state with the aim of providing measures to minimize waste and cost of electricity. The methodology involved the use of data from electricity consumers about electricity consumption vis-à-vis the type of the building, electrical appliances in the building and their billing methods. Heating appliances take 58 %, motorized equipment 21 %, ICT equipment 11 % and lighting devices 10 %. Replacing incandescent lamps with ESLs can save 4.13 % energy. If government of Akwa Ibom state, can proscribe incandescent lamps, a saving of 4.13-9.29 % can be achieved. If consumers switch to more energy-efficient motorized appliances, another 21% of energy shall be saved. A government policy mandating the use of prepaid meter billing will greatly conserve energy as it engenders energy-saving culture in consumers.
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